By Brian Hayden
Early hunter/gatherer societies have often been thought of essentially egalitarian in nature. This assumption, even though, has been challenged by way of modern archaeolgical and anthropological study, which has verified that lots of those societies had advanced social, financial, and political constructions. This quantity considers British Columbia local groups - the Lillooet and Shuswap groups of Fountain and Pavilion - and lines their improvement to advanced societies. The authors discover the relation among source features and hunter/gatherer diversifications and look at using fish, animal, and plant species, documenting their availability and the strategies utilized in their amassing, processing, and storing. The e-book additionally indicates how cultural practices, similar to raiding, potlatching, and stewardship of assets, should be defined from a cultural ecological perspective. an incredible contribution to the research of searching and amassing cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this booklet is the main exact exam of the subsistence base of a specific looking and amassing team thus far. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced searching and amassing societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, might make an immense contribution to the research of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. an enormous contribution to the examine of searching and collecting cultures within the Canadian Northwest, this ebook is the main distinct exam of the subsistence base of a specific looking and collecting staff up to now. Its exploration of the explanations why advanced searching and amassing societies emerge, in addition to the ecological relationships among cultures and assets, will make a tremendous contribution to the examine of cultural ecology and modern archaeology. "Brian Hayden is a professor within the division of Archaeology, Simon Fraser University.".
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Extra resources for A Complex Culture of the British Columbia Plateau: Traditional Stl'Atl'imx Resource Use
However, by 1808, when Simon Fraser travelled through the Interior, disease does not appear to have been of major concern or note. Fraser makes little or no mention of the topic, whereas all of his descriptions of indigenous life appear to reflect relatively healthy, vigorous communities not significantly debilitated by disease or population loss. Simon Fraser noted over 1,000 people fishing near Lillooet. Subsequently, the Northwest Company (amalgamated with the Hudson's Bay Company in 1821) sent traders from their Kamloops Post (established in 1810) to obtain thousands of fish every year at the Lillooet fisheries (Chapter 6).
Ecologists refer to those species which have relatively short lifespans and copious offspring as r-selected species; those which have relatively long lifespans and few offspring are fC-selected. K-selected species are much easier to overexploit than r-selected species. Resources can also vary in terms of density and patchiness, both of which affect travel and search times. Resources that are sparsely distributed require increased search times. At the extreme, more energy may be spent looking for very sparse resources than is obtained from their procurement.
EO Edith O'Donaghey was born in 1921 and presently lives in Lillooet. She was born and raised at Shalalth. As a girl and young woman she actively participated in harvesting and preparation of traditional foods and still eats them today whenever possible. She took part in several family expeditions to Mission Ridge above Shalalth to harvest berries and roots and had close contact with her grandparents, who taught her many things about traditional resources. For her relatively young age, she has an exceptional knowledge of plant names and traditional foods and medicines.