By Guy P. Brasseur, Susan Solomon
The reader should be shocked to benefit that the notice "aeronomy" isn't really present in a few of the average dictionaries of the English language (for examination ple. Webster's foreign dictionary). but the time period would seem to exist, as evidenced through the affiliations of the 2 authors of this quantity (Institut d'Aeronomie, Brussels, Belgium; Aeronomy Laboratory, nationwide Oceanic and Atmospheric management, Boulder, CO, USA). might be a part of this obscu rity arises simply because aeronomy is a comparatively new and evolving box of recreation, with a historical past courting again no farther than approximately 1940. The Chambers dic tionary of technological know-how and know-how offers the next definition: "aeronomy (Meteor. ). The department of technological know-how facing the ambience of the Earth and the opposite planets near to their chemical com place, actual homes, relative motion,
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Additional info for Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere: Chemistry and Physics of the Stratosphere and Mesosphere
Steinfeld, 1978). It is beyond the scope of the present work to derive the selection rules. In the following, we will only summarize the basic meaning of the term symbols which are commonly used to denote the electronic and vibrational states of molecules and note the most important selection principles without offering proofs; the reader is directed to the bibliography where several excellent treatises on these subjects may be found. Our intent in this section is merely to briefly review the terminology and most important rules which appear in aeronomy.
W. Rusch, On the chemistry of metastable atomic nitrogen in the F-region deduced from simultaneous satellite measurements of the 5200 angstrom airglow and atmospheric composition, J. Geophys. , 82, 3509, 1977. Gilmore, F. , Potential energy curves for N2, NO, O2, and corresponding ions, RAND corporation memorandum R-4034-PR, June, 1964. Hampson, R. , and D. Garvin, Reaction rate and photochemical data for atmospheric chemistry - 1977, U. S. Dept. of Commerce, NBS special Aeronomy of the Middle Atmosphere 31 publication 513, 1978.
_. - o 100 150 200 250 TEMPERATURE Fig. 1. Thermal structure of atmospheric layers. 300 K 350 400 Structure and Dynamics 34 constant sign. The layers are called" spheres" and the boundary between connecting layers is the "pause". The lowest layer, called the tropo3phere, exhibits generally decreasing temperatures with increasing altitudes up to a minimum called the tropopatl3t:. The temperature and location of the tropopause vary with latitude and season. At the equator, its mean altitude is located near 18 km, and the corresponding temperature is about 190K, while in polar regions its elevation is only about 8 km, and the temperature roughly 220K (see Fig.