By Anastasios Tsonis
Textbook for brief undergraduate classes in atmospheric technology, meteorology, physics or average technology courses.
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Additional info for An Introduction to Atmospheric Thermodynamics
What is the change in the temperature of the air and what is the amount of heat absorbed? 33 cal) Calculate the change in speciﬁc energy of an adiabatic parcel whose speed changes from 10 m s−1 to 25 m s−1 .
Because of this from now on we will denote the incremental change in work as δW not as dW . 1) dt dt where v denotes the velocity of the parcel and K is the kinetic energy of the parcel. It follows that the work done and the kinetic energy are related. The last equation indicates that one way by which a thermodynamic system can exchange energy with its environment is by performing work. The other is through transfer of heat. More on that will follow soon. 1) the units for work are those of energy.
4 cV d = 718 J kg−1 K−1 = 171 cal kg−1 K−1 cpd = 1005 J kg−1 K−1 = 240 cal kg−1 K−1 Rd = 287 J kg−1 K−1 . 21) becomes (Cp − nR∗ )dT + (nR∗ dT − V dp) = δQ or Cp dT − V dp = δQ. 1 summarizes all the diﬀerent expressions of the ﬁrst law. 1. 6 Consequences of the first law Let us look at the form of the ﬁrst law in the following special cases. 21) it follows that δQ = δW . Then the amount of heat exchanged is f f δW = Q= pdV i i or f Q = nR∗ T i dV V or Q = nR∗ T • Isochoric transformations: i ln Vf .